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About Georgia
About Georgia
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Georgia is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Situated at the juncture of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north by Russia, to the south by Turkey and Armenia, and to the east by Azerbaijan. Georgia covers a territory of 69,700 km² and its population is 4.3 million, largely ethnic Georgians
What makes Georgia so unique?
Georgia is the cradle of wine. The oldest seeds of grape and wine make apparatus were found in Georgia, and even the word wine comes from Georgian word g'vino.

The highest occupied settlement in Europe is in Georgia: Ushguli (just try to pronounce that one!)

More people in Georgia live to be over 100 than almost anywhere else. They say its the yogurt, the organic food and wine and our zest for life.

Georgia, has more bio-diversity than some continents. You can hike in one day from subtropical marshes to lofty alpine zones, from glaciers to vineyards.

Georgia has one of the largest proportions of land designated as national park, about 25% (in contrast, only 4% of the USA is protected). Fully 40 % of Georgia's territory is forest, much of it old growth

We are home to more than 500 unique variety of grape, most of them used for wine, more than anywhere else in the world.

Georgian hospitality is legendary. We truly believe that guests are a gift from God, and treat them accordingly. The Georgian tradition of toasting (which we also claim to have invented) is poetry and philosophy united.

Georgia has the dubious distinction of being one of the most invaded nations on earth. As a nation at the crossroads of Europe and Asia, Christianity and Islam, Georgia has long been marked by war. From the 1st century BC to the 18th century AD the Greeks, Romans, Persians, Arabs, Ottomans and Russians have all attempted to possess this beautiful land, but none have ever conquered it completely or permanently. As a result our history became one of skilled survival - preserving our culture against overwhelming odds again and again. To protect against invaders an elaborate system of watchtowers alerted the people to an attack (many of which still exist) and precious religious icons and relics would disappear into caves and hidden mountain fortresses. Villages in the most remote mountain valleys would escape the invaders attention entirely, thus some of the oldest and most superlative Frescoes are found in the highlands. Recorded history in Georgia goes back over an incredible 3000 years, and our culture is far older. Preserved for millennium by the sheer stubbornness of its people, the basic dimension of our national character has remained intact. Ask any Georgian what they are most proud of as a "Kartuli" and this will probably come to mind. Try scrolling through our interactive timeline below, to learn more


Georgia's natural environment is one of the most unique and varied in the world. Geologically it has more compressed into its surface than some continents. Remarkable for its landscape diversity, from mountains to desert, from snow to palm trees, Georgia ranks among the world's wonderlands. Within 67,000 square kilometres (about the size of Ireland) you can find 5000 metre peaks; glaciers, alpine meadows; sub-tropical coastline, high desert, semi-desert, fertile alluvial valleys, wetlands and of course huge swathes of virgin forest. Indeed nearly 40% of Georgia is still forest, a large proportion of which is still "virgin".


Georgia has long been the crossroads of the world, not only an important stop on the silk trail, but set dead-centre of many of the great currents of history. A truly ancient nation and one of the world's oldest uninterrupted civilizations, its recorded history stretches back over 3000 years. Sandwiched in the Caucasus Mountains, Georgia has served for millenniums as a way station for travellers and traders, explorers and invaders - Greeks, Russians, Persians, Armenians, Mongols and Turks alike. Filled with ancient ruins, castles, churches, waterfalls, glaciers, mineral water springs, deserts and beaches, forests and steppes, it is truly a land apart.

Not quite Asian and certainly not really Middle Eastern, yet not fully European either, Georgia is an exotic mixture of influences not seen anywhere else. Few can boast as ancient a history as Georgia. No one knows for sure from where Georgians came, but we are quite convinced we have always been here and always will be.


The soul of Georgia is in its mountains, they have protected us, haunted us and given us solace. It is no surprise that we build most of our churches on mountain peaks, it is always where our heart is. Even before Christianity, mountains were sacred places and the center of worship.

Our alpine lakes and valleys have long been our summer homes for noble and Shepard alike, a refuge from the buzz and hum of daily life below. We have always sought peace in our mountains, and now you can as well.

Links    Portal of Department of Tourism and Resorts of Georgia
CIA World Factbook    CIA World Factbook about Georgia
Wikipedia    Wikipedia about Georgia